It is a anatomical malformation of the heart or great vessels which occur during intrauterine development, irrespective of the age at presentation. The most common type of pediatric heart disease is congenital, meaning that children are born with it. The effect of this condition causes heart palpitation, shortness of breath, chest pain etc.
Congenital Cardiovascular disease is the most common heart disease It can be detected before birth, soon after birth or anytime throughout life. There are many different types of congenital heart defects. and can be broken down into common categories, such as: cyanotic congenital heart disease, ductal dependent congenital heart disease, critical congenital heart disease, and other acyanotic or less acute congenital heart defects. Symptoms and treatment depend on the type of defect and its severity. Minor defects may not require treatment. Others may require blood pressure lowering medications, heart devices, catheter procedures and surgery. Serious cases may require heart transplant. The problem can affect the heart walls, heart valves and the blood vessels.