HYBRID EVENT: You can participate in person at Paris, France or Virtually from your home or work.

3rd Edition of International Heart Congress

June 05-07,2025 | Hybrid Event

June 05 -07, 2025 | Rome, Italy
Heart Congress 2024

The effects of local violent crime on cardiovascular disease and risk factors

Corey Tabit , Speaker at Heart Conferences
University of Chicago, United States
Title : The effects of local violent crime on cardiovascular disease and risk factors

Abstract:

Cardiovascular disease is the #1 killer of adults worldwide, with low-socioeconomic urban patients more severely affected.  Social Determinants of Health (SDOH) such as community violence, elements of the built environment, income, literacy, and access to food and pharmacy are all linked to changes in cardiovascular outcomes.  Our group has demonstrated a temporal link between local violent crime and changes in cardiovascular risk factors such as blood pressure and cholesterol.  Further, we have demonstrated changes in cardiovascular outcomes such as hospital admissions for cardiovascular reasons during times of increased local violence.  Recently, we have found significant elevations in blood pressure when patients are exposed to local violent crimes, the sound of gunfire near their homes, and changes in local street gang territories.  These physiologic changes lead to elevation in the calculated 10-year risk of developing atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease by the Pooled-Cohort Equation.  Taken together, these findings demonstrate a strong temporal association between community violence and cardiovascular risk and suggest that patients who are exposed to local violence may be at higher risk for developing cardiovascular disease than currently-available risk calculators may indicate.  This lecture will summarize the available evidence linking community violence with cardiovascular disease, both in an urban setting as well as other settings, and will discuss the latest evidence linking SDOH with cardiovascular disease.  We will then discuss interventions that healthcare providers can use to support patients exposed to community violence to improve cardiovascular outcomes.  This discussion will draw heavily from our 10 years of experience building interventions for vulnerable urban patients at the University of Chicago with special focus on generalizable points that can be applied to attendees’ home institutions.

Audience take Away

By the end of this discussion, attendees will:

  • Understand common social determinants of health (SDOH)
  • Understand available evidence linking SDOH to cardiovascular disease
  • Understand how community violence affects cardiovascular risk
  • Understand some tools that healthcare providers can use to support patients exposed to community violence

Biography:

Dr. Tabit earned his Doctor of Medicine degree from Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA), and completed his Internal Medicine residency and Vascular Medicine fellowship at Boston University Medical Center (Boston, Massachusetts, USA). He completed fellowship training in Cardiovascular Medicine at The University of Chicago Medical Center (Chicago, Illinois, USA). Dr. Tabit also holds a PhD in Molecular Pathology from The University of Chicago, an MBA in Finance and Health Sector Management from Boston University School of Management, and an MPH in Epidemiology and Health Policy from Boston University School of Public Health. He serves as the Director of Quality and Director of Cardiovascular Data Sciences for the Heart and Vascular Center at the University of Chicago where his research interests include healthcare delivery science, process standardization, and the effects of social determinants of health on cardiovascular outcomes.

Watsapp