HYBRID EVENT: You can participate in person at Paris, France or Virtually from your home or work.

2nd Edition of International Heart Congress

June 20-22,2024 | Hybrid Event

June 20 -22, 2024 | Paris, France
Heart Congress 2024

Management of arrhythmias in pregnancy

Samir Morcos Rafla, Speaker at Cardiovascular Diseases Events
Alexandria University, Egypt
Title : Management of arrhythmias in pregnancy


Most palpitations in pregnancy are benign and usually occur due to atrial or ventricular premature complexes. Careful consideration should be given to the gestation stage and the patient's hemodynamic state. In hemodynamically stable pregnant patients with acute onset of SVT, intravenous adenosine is recommended as the first-line pharmacological therapy. In pregnant patients with symptomatic SVT without preexcitation, metoprolol, propranolol, and/or digoxin should be used as first-line options and verapamil as the second-line option for the chronic oral prophylaxis of SVT. In hemodynamically stable pregnant patients with AF or AFL with rapid ventricular rates (RVR), I.V. beta-blockers are recommended as the first-line option and digoxin or verapamil, alone or in combination are recommended as second-line options for initial rate control in the absence of preexcitation. In pregnant patients with AF or AFL with persistent symptoms or RVR refractory, elective direct current cardioversion is recommended with anticoagulation as in nonpregnant patients. In pregnant patients with AF or AFL with continued symptoms or RVR despite rate control therapy, flecainide in the absence of structural heart disease (SHD) or sotalol in the absence of severe LV dysfunction is reasonable. The choice of anticoagulation, namely low molecular weight heparin (LWMH) or vitamin K antagonists (i.e. warfarin), depends on the stage of gestation. Direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) are contraindicated altogether. Direct current cardioversion is recommended in pregnant patients with sustained VT and hemodynamic compromise.  In pregnant patients with idiopathic VT and hemodynamic stability, intravenous beta-blocker or adenosine for outflow tract VT and intravenous verapamil for fascicular VT are recommended as first-line options. In pregnant patients with recurrent VT refractory or with contraindications to beta-blockers who require additional antiarrhythmic drug therapy, treatment with flecainide, sotalol, or mexiletine is recommended. In pregnant and postpartum patients with asymptomatic sinus bradycardia or Mobitz type I AV block without evidence of SHD, reassurance is recommended with no need for intervention.


Professor Samir Rafla graduated from Alexandria University in June 1970. He was resident in the cardiology department then assistant lecturer then lecturer in June 1982. Spent 10 months research fellow in Cleveland clinic Ohio; in the research institute with Late Prof. R. Tarazi and in the electrophysiology department with Prof. James Maloney. Became professor of cardiology in June 1994. Then head of the cardiology department from 1/8/2004 till 30/8/2007. He was appointed in the National council for promotion of professors in cardiology and critical care starting from December 2004 for four years then extended another 4 years as assessor. He is editor in the Egyptian Heart Journal and Heart Mirror Journal. He is Fellow in the American College of Cardiology, Fellow in the European Society of Cardiology, member in EHRA (European Heart Rhythm association), and member in European Association for Echocardiography and Imaging. Member in the steering committee of the Egyptian Cardiac Arrhythmia Association (ECRA). His main areas of interest are in electrophysiology and pacemakers, also in Echocardiography. He published over twenty abstracts and papers outside Egypt and has presented over 300 lectures / chairmanships at national and international meetings. He organized summer meetings of the ECRA group every year starting 1998, at first alone then with Professor Mostafa Nawar. Also was co organizer of the international CardioAlex conference in the years 2005 to 2007.