Most lifestyle diseases are caused by sedentary lifestyles, low dietary trends and poor living conditions, affecting people of all economic backgrounds, transcending age and gender differences. Lifestyle disease risk factors include excessive alcohol and smoking, poor meal planning and physical inactivity leading to excessive weight gain (obesity), high blood sugar, high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol and social distancing. Obesity is a major lifestyle disease that contributes to other lifestyle diseases such as cardiovascular disease (CVD), clinical obstructive pulmonary disease, cancer, type 2 diabetes, hypertension and depression. Digital interventions are being instigated that change negative health behaviors to promote healthy lifestyles. The World Health Organization (WHO) divides digital health interventions into the following 4 categories: customers, healthcare providers, health system managers and data services, where digital and mobile technologies are used to support the needs of the welfare system and achieve health goals. Digital interventions can motivate and incentivize individuals through self-tracking, goal setting, assessment, feedback, or generating recommendations to promote healthy lifestyles. They help monitor and manage lifestyle risks and help individuals prevent complications. In addition to various digital monitoring devices and applications, artificial intelligence is also emerging as a way to effectively manage lifestyle and cardiovascular diseases. One of the applications of artificial intelligence is type 2 diabetes screening, stage diagnosis, complication diagnosis and risk factor analysis. Based on genetic and clinical data, algorithms have been developed to assess the risk of developing diabetes, predict impending hypoglycemia or hyperglycemia based on continuous glucose monitoring, detect and evaluate clinical retinopathy, and stage classification using fundus cameras. Harnessing the power of digital technology as an important tool for health promotion is critical to achieving universal health coverage.
This presentation will focus on the role of digital interventions used in the screening, diagnosis, management, complication analysis and prevention in lifestyle diseases.
Most lifestyle diseases arise due to deleterious lifestyle practices that are modifiable. The patient's outcome can be improved by maintaining proper nutrition control and avoiding additional risk factors that contribute to the onset of lifestyle diseases. Digital interventions can effectively supplement the management and prevention of these diseases. They also play role in screening, determining the severity of the condition and complications.
Audience Take Away
The audience will learn about the role of several digital interventions in the management of lifestyle diseases.
This knowledge will benefit the audience by not only improve the disease outcome by improving patient compliance towards lifestyle modification but also will contribute towards preventing development of complications.